The Yemen Stockholm Agreement: What You Need to Know

In December 2018, the United Nations-brokered a historic agreement between the warring parties in Yemen. The Yemen Stockholm Agreement was hailed as a breakthrough in the four-year-long conflict that has engulfed the country. The agreement aimed to end the fighting in the port city of Hodeidah, establish a ceasefire, and pave the way for peace talks. But what exactly is the Yemen Stockholm Agreement, and what are its implications for the people of Yemen?

Background

Yemen, located at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula, has been in a state of crisis since 2015 when a Saudi-led coalition intervened in the country`s civil war. The conflict pitted the internationally recognized government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi against the Houthi rebels, who are aligned with Iran. The war has left the country in ruins, with millions of people displaced and in need of humanitarian assistance. The port city of Hodeidah, which is under the control of the Houthis, is a crucial entry point for food, fuel, and other essential supplies.

The Agreement

The Yemen Stockholm Agreement was reached during UN-brokered talks in Sweden between the Houthi rebels and the Yemeni government. The agreement aimed to end the fighting in Hodeidah and establish a demilitarized zone around the city`s port and nearby areas. The deal also called for the withdrawal of all forces from the city and the reopening of the airport. The UN would oversee the implementation of the agreement and would supervise the management of the port.

Implications

The Yemen Stockholm Agreement was seen as a significant step towards ending the war in Yemen and providing relief for the millions of people affected by the conflict. The agreement meant that food, fuel, and other essential goods could reach the people of Yemen without obstruction, and this is essential for the country`s survival. The agreement also meant that the fighting in Hodeidah would cease, and this would reduce the risk of civilian casualties and damage to vital infrastructure. Furthermore, the agreement could pave the way for further peace talks and a political solution to the Yemen crisis.

Challenges

The implementation of the Yemen Stockholm Agreement has been fraught with challenges. The parties have failed to adhere to the ceasefire agreement, and fighting has continued in some areas. The Houthis have also failed to withdraw from the city, and this has hindered the UN`s efforts to oversee the management of the port. The Yemeni government has accused the Houthis of violating the agreement and has called for international pressure to be exerted on the rebels to comply. The situation remains fragile, and a return to full-scale fighting cannot be ruled out.

Conclusion

The Yemen Stockholm Agreement was a significant breakthrough in the Yemen crisis, but its implementation has been challenging. The agreement aimed to end the fighting in Hodeidah and establish a ceasefire, but the parties have failed to adhere to the agreement. The situation remains fragile, and the international community must exert pressure on the parties to comply with the agreement and work towards a peaceful solution to the Yemen conflict. Ultimately, the people of Yemen need a lasting peace to rebuild their shattered country and secure a brighter future.